neuroinflammationThe swelling of the tissue in the nervous system. It could be initiated in response to a number of things including infection, traumatic brain injury, toxic metabolites, or autoimmunity. Microglia are the immune cells activated in response to these cues.
neuronA nerve cell that is the fundamental unit of the brain and nervous system. Neurons transmit information through electrochemical signals.
neurotrophic factorsA family of biomolecules that support the growth, survival, and differentiation of both developing and mature nerve cells (neurons).
With thanks to World Parkinson’s Coalition.